Предполага се, че до навършването на 1г. бебетата приемат само кърма или АМ и едва след това започва да им се дава обикновено краве мляко-прясно или кисело.
След навършването на 1г., поне до 2 годишната възраст, на децата е препоръчително да се дават пълномаслени
Знам, че в разни сайтове за детско хранене по този въпрос няма никакви противоречия. Сега ще поровя малко и ще дам цитати.
От тук: http://www.eatwell.gov.uk/asksam/agesandstages/childrenandbabies/#A219842Should children have full-fat or semi-skimmed milk?
Milk is an important part of a child's diet. It's a good source of energy and protein, and contains a wide range of vitamins and minerals. Milk and milk products are rich sources of calcium, which growing children and young people need to build healthy bones and teeth.
At about one year old, when a baby has been weaned from the breast or bottle, a switch to full-fat cows' milk
can be made.Children under two years old need full-fat milk
because it gives them the extra calories and vitamin A that a younger child needs.
Children between the ages of one and three need to consume an average of 350mg of calcium a day. About 300ml full-fat milk
(three–fifths of a pint) would provide this.
Semi-skimmed and skimmed milk contain at least the same amount of protein, B vitamins, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and zinc as full-fat milk, but less fat.
Once a child is two years old, he or she can start drinking semi-skimmed milk as long as they are eating well and having a wide range of foods. However, skimmed milk isn't suitable for children under five years old.
It's too low in calories and contains only very small amounts of vitamins A and D, all of which children need.
It's important to note that although milk provides a range of nutrients it doesn't contain a significant amount of iron or vitamin C, both of which are also very important for growing children.
От тук: http://www.fda.gov/opacom/lowlit/feedbby.htmlWhen Can You Switch To Whole Milk?
You can stop feeding formula and start whole milk around your baby's first birthday. But do not give your 1-year-old reduced-fat or no-fat milk
. These kinds of milk don't have enough fat and calories for your growing toddler.
Or you can continue feeding your child breast milk for as long as you want.Warning:
Don't give your 1-year-old reduced-fat or no-fat milk!
От тук: http://www.bchealthguide.org/healthfiles/hfile69c.stm#E46E7What about cow's milk?
Breastfeeding is recommended until your baby is 2 years-old and beyond. When your baby is 9-12 months old and taking a variety of iron rich solid foods, it is okay to start substituting whole milk for breast milk or formula.
Babies and toddlers need fat for brain development, so choose whole milk until 2 years of age
. Lower-fat milk (1% and 2%) can be offered after 2 years of age
. Other drinks such as soy or rice beverages may be offered after 2 years of age, but check the label to make sure they are fortified with calcium and vitamin D.
If you choose whole goat milk, make sure it is pasteurized. Most goat milk does not contain vitamin D, in which case your baby would need a vitamin D supplement.
От тук: http://www.health.gov.ab.ca/public/InfantFeedingGuide.pdf
Не мога да го копирам, заради формата, но в частта "Mealtime for baby" също е посочено, че нискомаслените млека не са подходящи за деца под 2 години.
и т.н, и т.н., и т.н.